Orchard Head Junior, Infant & Nursery School

Educational Jargon Buster

Please see below, a useful A - Z of commonly used acronyms in education and their meaning:

Achievement - Describes both attainment i.e. the level achieved and the progress you have made from a starting point.


AfL - Assessment for Learning - Assessment for Learning is the process of seeking and interpreting evidence for use by learners and their teachers to decide where the learners are in their learning, where they need to go and how best to get there


APP - Assessing Pupils' Progress - APP is a structured approach to periodically assessing maths, science, reading, writing and speaking and listening skills.


AST - Advanced Skills Teacher


ATL - Association of Teachers and Lecturers


Attainment - The actual level attained and/or results.


Attainment Targets - A general defined level of ability that a pupil is expected to achieve in every subject at each key stage in the National Curriculum


Blending - To draw individual sounds together to pronounce a word, e.g. f-l-a-p, blended together, reads flap


CiC -Children in Care


CLA - Children Looked After


Core Subjects - English, maths and science: all pupils must study these subjects up to Key Stage 4


CPD - Continuing Professional Development


Creative Curriculum - There are numerous different interpretations exist for the concept ‘the creative curriculum’. In some schools it means topics or themes, in others it means asking children what they want to learn.


CSS - Children’s Support Service, this is the new name for Pupil Referral Unit (PRU)


DBS - Disclosure & Barring Service - DBS refers to the new agency created out of a merger between the Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) and The Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA), its full title is The Disclosure and Barring Service. The checks and information provided will remain the       same but will be branded DBS Checks.


DfE - Department for Education


Differentiation - a wide variety of teaching techniques and lesson adaptations that teachers          use to pupils of differing abilities in the same class.


EAL - English as an additional language


EBacc - English Baccalaureate


EBD - Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties


EHC Plan - Educational Health Care Plan – “An education, health and care plan is a document that says what support a child or young person who has special educational needs should have ".


EMTAS - Ethnic Minority & Traveller Achievement Service


ESOL - English for Speakers of Other Languages or English as a Second or Other Language. If English is not your main language you can take part in a course to help you improve your English. These courses are called ESOL.


EWO - Education Welfare Officer


EYFS – Early Years Foundation Stage, which is a framework of care and Education for children from birth to five years of age. This stage typically means Nursery and Reception Classes.


FFT - Fischer Family Trust


FSM - Free School Meals


FTE - Full Time Equivalent


G & T - Gifted and Talented - Gifted are those with high ability in one or more academic subject and the talented are those with high ability in sport, music, visual or performing arts.


GCSE - General Certificate of Secondary Education


HLTA - Higher Level Teaching Assistant


HMI - Her Majesty’s Inspector of Schools


ICT - Information and Communication Technology


IEP - Individual Education Plan for SEN pupils


iGCSE - International General Certificate of Secondary Education


Inclusion - Removing barriers in learning so all pupils can participate at their own level.


INSET - In-Service Education and Training - Training for staff which takes place during the school year.


ISA - Independent Safeguarding Authority


ITT - Initial Teacher Training


IWB - Interactive Whiteboard


Key Stage five – age 16-18 (Sixth form)


Key Stage four – age 14-16 (Years 10 and 11);


Key Stage three – age 11-14 (Years 7, 8 and 9);


Key Stage two – age 7-11(Years 3,4, 5 and 6);


Key Stage one – age 5-7 (Years 1 and 2);


LA - Local Authority


LAA - Local Area Agreement


LAC - Looked After Children


LSA - Learning Support Assistant


MLD - Moderate Learning Difficulties


More able - Higher performing pupils than the majority of the class.


NAHT - National Association of Head Teachers


NASUWT - National Association of Schoolmasters/Union of Women Teachers


NC - National Curriculum


NEET - Not in Education, Employment or Training


NGA - National Governors’ Association


NLE - National Leader of Education


NOR - Number on Roll


NPQH - National Professional Qualification for Headship


NQT - Newly Qualified Teacher


NtG - Narrowing the Gap


NUT - National Union of Teachers


NVQ - National Vocational Qualifications


Ofqual - Office of Qualifications & Examinations Regulation


Ofsted - Office for Standards in Education


PE - Physical Education


Performance Table - Published by the DfE to compare schools' results.


Phonics - Phonics refers to a method for teaching speakers of English to read and write their language. It involves connecting the sounds of spoken English with letters or groups of letters (e.g that the sound /k/ can be represented by c, k, ck or ch spellings) and teaching them to blend the sounds of letters together to produce approximate pronunciations of unknown words. In this way, phonics enables people to use individual sounds to construct words. For example, when taught the sounds for the letters t, p, a and s, one can build up the words "tap", "pat", "pats", "taps" and "sat."


PPA - Planning, Preparation and Assessment time to which teachers are entitled. Progression - pupils develop academically and personally from year to year and from one key stage to the next in a way which builds on what has already been achieved."


PRU - Pupil Referral Unit


PSHE - Personal Social Health and Economic education


PTA - Parent Teacher Association


QTS - Qualified Teacher Status


RAISE - Reporting and Analysis for Improvement through School Self-Evaluation


RE - Religious Education


SACRE - Standing Advisory Council for Religious Education


SATs - Standard Attainment Tests/Tasks - National Curriculum Tests and Tasks which take place at the end of Key Stage 1 and at the end of Key Stage 2.


SCITT - School -centred Initial Teacher Training


SCR - Single Central Record - Schools must hold a single central record of all adults working with pupils. The records hold security and ID checks among other specific information.


SEAL - Social & Emotional Aspects of Learning


SEN - Special Educational Needs


SENCO - Special Educational Needs Coordinator

Setting - Putting pupils of similar ability together just for certain lessons. So, for example, it would be possible to be in a top set for French and a lower set for mathematics.


SIP - School Improvement Plan


SLT - Senior Leadership Team


SMSC - Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural (development)


Streaming  - Splitting pupils into several different hierarchical groups which would stay together for all lessons.


TA - Teaching Assistant


Transition - The movement of pupils from Key Stage to Key Stage or school to school and the procedures associated with it."


VCOP - vocabulary, connectives, openers and punctuation pupils are expected to use in their writing.


VLE - Virtual Learning Environment